Over 100 years of aviation history on the Wasserkuppe

As the “mountain of aviators”, the Wasserkuppe offers the most traditional background that aviation enthusiasts could wish for. The Wasserkuppe flying school is located at the place where gliding was “invented”.

In 1911, Darmstadt students started their first flight tests with gliders on the treeless crest in the Hessian Rhön and developed the art of motorless flying.

The pioneering era and “Martens flight school”

After the First World War, under the strict conditions of the Versailles Treaty, which prohibited motorized flights in Germany after the First World War, more and more flight enthusiasts came to the Wasserkuppe to try out completely different concepts of gliders, take-off techniques and buoyancy uses.

Inauguration of the Aviation Monument in 1923. Photo: GFS
Inauguration of the Aviation Monument in 1923. Photo: GFS

The construction of the first flight school on the Wasserkuppe began in 1924 - in August the building of the “Martens Flugschule” stood, as the flight school was then called. Fritz Stamer was hired as the first teacher, who also designed the “White Seagulls” as an emblem of the Wasserkuppe.

Rhön-Rositten Society

The sponsorship of the school subsequently changed to the "Rhön-Rositten Society", a forerunner of today's society for the promotion of gliding on the Wasserkuppe eV (GFS). The success of the gliding school was not long in coming: 91 A, 95 B and 17 C tests were already completed in 1927.

Rubber rope start on the Wasserkuppe
Earlier rubber rope start on the Wasserkuppe

During the Nazi era, all aviation activities were brought into line and aviation on the Wasserkuppe was placed under the National Socialist Aviation Corps (NSFK). During this time, the former barracks buildings, in which the DJO is now housed, and the old armory, where the classic gliding club is located, were also built.

The time of private flying was over, and flying was done solely from a military point of view. The GFS is in the process of historically reviewing this dark chapter in its history as well - so as a reminder to today's generations - that time will not be forgotten.

Foundation of the DAeC at the foot of the Wasserkuppe

After the Second World War, the “Ring of the White Seagulls” was founded in 1947. Flying was far from conceivable.

In 1950 the German Aero Club (DAeC) was founded in Gersfeld at the foot of the Wasserkuppe!

It was not until 1951 that the Allies banned them from owning or building gliders. This year around 50.000 people gathered on the Wasserkuppe to celebrate the restart of flight operations, but also to commemorate the dead aviators from all countries.

In 1954, the Wasserkuppe gliding area was released again. With a newly built hall, appropriate additions and new aircraft, the offers of the gliding school Wasserkuppe for the flight-loving visitors improved - the Wasserkuppe had regained its old attraction as "mountain of aviators".

The time after reunification

Since then, the Wasserkuppe gliding school has continued to develop: with modern aircraft, the construction of a new hall and the improvement of take-off and landing areas.

Another historic event enabled enormous growth: With the fall of the Wall and the peaceful reunification of Germany, the Wasserkuppe was back in the middle of Germany!

Before 1989, the Iron Curtain was less than 10 km as the crow flies from the Wasserkuppe, and it was not uncommon for glider pilots to land outside the GDR, which always had diplomatic implications: the pilot was arrested, the plane was confiscated, and often only after several weeks and the pilot was released from paying the hard D-Mark, the plane was mostly "lost" forever.

Presentation of the stamp "100 years of gliding"
Presentation of the stamp “100 years of gliding”

But after the fall of the Wall, the way to the east was finally clear again, and the new freedom also created an enormous upward trend for aviation. The Wasserkuppe was again in the middle of the thermally very favorable Rhön and the Thuringian Forest.

And it was again the ideal starting point for extensive cross-country flights. The field of powered flight was also more important now, which was documented with the construction of the asphalt runway.

Also renaming Gliding school in Aviation school Wasserkuppe shows up in it.

Anniversary 100 years of gliding

In 2011, the GFS celebrated the “100 years of gliding” anniversary, which was even recognized with a special stamp. A big gliding competition was the highlight of the entire event year.

Luftsportzentrum Wasserkuppe with flying school and restaurant “Weltensegler”

In 2014, the flying school celebrated its 90th anniversary in the new building, which was just being completed. It represents another milestone in the history of flying on the Wasserkuppe.